Baler - (vertical, horizontal, two-ram) compresses
materials into dense rectangular bales which are tied with wire. Baling assists
handling, storage and transportation of materials.
Black barrel 90-gallon
plastic residential garbage container with wheels, a handle and hinged
lid, serviced with an automated sideloader. Similar blue containers are
used in Clearwater's recycling programs for
the collection of office paper from businesses and recyclables from multi-family
C&D construction and demolition debris.
Closed-loop recycling recycling materials into their
Commingle to mix different recyclable materials in
the same container.
Compactor 10- to 40-cubic-yard closed containers
in which debris is compressed to save space. There are two types: the
break-away, in which the hydraulic compacting ram and container unit are
separate pieces of equipment; and the self-contained, where the ram and
container are one unit.
Crusher/blower machine which flattens aluminum cans
then pneumatically transfers the material to a trailer.
Dumpster the trademarked name of a 2-, 3-, 4-, 6-
or 8-cubic-yard commercial garbage container commonly made of steel (or
sometimes aluminum or plastic), with a plastic lid, serviced with a front end loader
EPA the Environmental
Protection Agency (federal government).
E-Scrap or E-Waste - electronic equipment such as computers,
printers, televisions, etc. These contain hazardous components and should
be disposed of at the County's
Household Electronics & Chemical Collection Center.
FDEP the Florida
Department of Environmental Protection (state government).
Front End Loader a
commercial solid waste collection truck equipped with two hydraulic forks
used to pick up and empty Dumpsters from the front.
Generator a sector, such as residential or commercial,
responsible for producing waste or recyclables.
Hazardous waste corrosive, toxic, flammable and reactive
substances that pose a threat to public health, safety and the environment.
Hazardous materials include ni-cad batteries, oil-based paint, used motor
oil and other automotive fluids, electronics, many pesticides, herbicides
and fungicides, pool chemicals, solvents, fertilizers, fluorescent lamps, wood preservatives, HEC3, and mobile collections for disposal.
HEC3 - Household
Electronics and Chemical Collection Center, a county-operated facility
for the safe disposal of most household hazardous wastes and electronics.
The facility also offers a Swap Shop where unused materials such as oven
cleaners, latex paint and furniture polish can be picked up by residents
for reuse at no charge.
HHW household hazardous waste.
Integrated solid waste management the management
of municipal solid waste using all available means disposal in a landfill,
incineration, recycling, composting or mulching and a hazardous waste
"Jaws" or grappel truck a
solid waste collection vehicle equipped with a clam bucket attached to
a hydraulically-operated boom. Its purpose is to collect bulk materials
(for instance, appliances, logs, large piles of yard waste) that are too
heavy to be picked up by a solid waste worker or too large for standard
rear end loader collection.
KAB Keep America Beautiful,
Inc., a non-profit organization whose network of local, statewide
and international affiliate programs educate individuals about litter
prevention and ways to reduce, reuse, recycle and properly manage waste
KPB - Keep Pinellas Beautiful
Landfill, sanitary a system of trash and garbage
disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build
up low-lying land. Pinellas Countys landfill is completely surrounded
by a subsurface manmade clay wall keyed into a natural layer of impermeable
clay, which prevents any contaminated water from leaving the site. Ash
residue left from the incineration process at the WTE plant is used as
daily landfill cover.
Long ton 2,240 pounds. Ferrous metals (white goods,
steel cans, etc.) are weighed in long or metric tons.
MRF materials recovery facility.
MSW - municipal solid waste.
NIMBY Not In My Back Yard, a common public response
to proposed public or private construction projects such as landfills
and WTE plants.
OCC old corrugated cardboard.
ONP old newsprint.
OP office paper.
- PET (coded #1) polyethylene terephthalate, a common
plastic resin used in beverage containers;
- HDPE (coded #2) high-density polyethylene, a resin
commonly used for milk and water jugs, plastic grocery and trash bags;
- PVC or V (coded #3) - polyvinyl chloride or vinyl, used
for film, plumbing pipes and auto products;
- LDPE (coded #4) - low-density polyethylene, commonly
used in bread and frozen food bags, dairy container lids caps;
- PP (coded #5) polypropylene, used for food wraps, yogurt
cups, margarine lids, many non-food items;
- PS (coded #6) polystyrene, used for foam meat trays,
coffee cups, egg cartons, fast food containers;
- Other (coded #7) all other plastics such as multi-layer
packaging, polycarbonate and ABS, often used to make durable goods like
cookware, lamp housings, name plates, automotive trim, bathtubs and
* The SW/GS department only accepts PET (#1) and HDPE (#2) plastic bottles
Post-consumer waste waste remaining after consumers
use a product. Examples include bottles, food wrappers, newspaper, office
paper and many other items.
Pre-consumer waste manufacturing waste that does
not reach the consumer as a useful product. Also called process waste.
Putrescible liable to rot or decompose, the best
example being food waste.
Rear End Loader a traditional solid waste collection
truck loaded manually from the rear, used for collection of yard waste,
junk and miscellaneous trash.
Recycle to divert useful materials from the disposal
stream for processing, sale to an end user, and reintroduction into the
economy as a remanufactured or new product.
Florida Today, Inc., an association dedicated to promoting successful
recycling in the state of Florida.
Roll-off a 10- to 40-cubic-yard open top container
used for collecting C&D, remodeling debris and other bulk waste. Roll-offs
are transported with a special vehicle which uses hydraulics to roll the
container on and off the truck.
Short ton 2,000 pounds. Materials such as cardboard, newspaper, aluminum and plastics are weighed in short tons.
Sideloader an automated residential solid waste collection
truck with a hydraulic arm used to pick up and dump black
Source reduction an action to reduce waste at the
point of generation. Source reduction strategies include reuse, recycling
SWANA the Solid
Waste Association of North America, a large international trade association
(7,000 members) which represents the solid waste and recycling industry.
The local SWANA affiliate is the Florida Sunshine Chapter, with 600
Transfer trailer large trailers used to haul compacted
garbage from the transfer station to the WTE plant.
Transfer station facility at which solid waste trucks
dump their loads in a pit. The garbage is then compacted and pushed into
large tractor trailers for transportation to the WTE plant.
UBC used (aluminum) beverage cans.
Waste reduction actions that reduce waste, such as
package design, double-sided copying, recycling.
White goods large enameled appliances (washers, dryers,
refrigerators, dishwashers, air conditioners, etc.). In Clearwater, white
goods are usually collected using "jaws"
WTE (or RTE) waste-to-energy or refuse-to-energy.
A power plant (such as Pinellas Countys) that uses municipal solid waste
as part or all of its fuel supply. In Pinellas, the incineration of around
3,000 tons of waste per day produces energy which is sold to
Progress Energy, and used to provide electricity to 40,000 homes in